Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Second Quarter FY 2010 Earnings; Updates Guidance for FY 2010

SAN DIEGO (RestaurantNewsRelease.com) Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ:JACK) today reported net earnings of $17.7 million, or 32 cents per diluted share, for the second quarter ended April 11, 2010, compared with earnings from continuing operations of $29.6 million, or 51 cents per diluted share, for the second quarter of fiscal 2009. The decline in diluted earnings per share was due primarily to a decrease of approximately 15 cents per share in gains on the sale of company-operated Jack in the Box® restaurants as a result of the timing of such transactions.

Same-store sales at Jack in the Box company restaurants decreased 8.6 percent in the second quarter of 2010 compared with a year-ago increase of 0.4 percent.

Linda A. Lang, chairman, chief executive officer and president, said, “California experienced continued stabilization and was our best performing market for the second quarter on both a one- and two-year basis. Although both transactions and average check improved from the first quarter, we don’t expect significant improvement in underlying fundamentals until high unemployment rates in our major markets for our key customer demographics begin to improve.”

System same-store sales at Qdoba Mexican Grill® increased 3.1 percent in the second quarter versus a year-ago decrease of 2.3 percent. Lang said, “After beginning the quarter with negative same-store sales resulting from severe winter weather, Qdoba’s same-store sales improved steadily throughout the quarter, and benefitted from both our new Craft 2™ menu and increased spending by consumers in the fast-casual segment.”

Consolidated restaurant operating margin was 15.2 percent of sales in the second quarter of 2010, compared with 16.5 percent of sales in the year-ago quarter. The company estimates that sales deleverage negatively impacted margins by approximately 190 basis points in the second quarter of 2010.

Food and packaging costs were 70 basis points better than prior year. Overall commodity costs were approximately 1 percent lower in the quarter versus prior year. Beef was slightly favorable in the quarter, and the benefit of lower costs for poultry, shortening and potatoes offset higher produce and pork costs.

Payroll and employee benefits costs were 30.2 percent of restaurant sales versus 30.0 percent in the year-ago quarter as sales deleverage of approximately 40 basis points offset labor productivity initiatives. Occupancy and other costs increased 180 basis points due primarily to sales deleverage and higher depreciation due to the company’s ongoing restaurant re-image program.

Franchised restaurant costs for the second quarter increased to 45.6 percent of franchised restaurant revenues from 41.2 percent last year due primarily to sales deleverage against fixed rental costs.

SG&A expense for the second quarter decreased by $8.7 million and was 11.0 percent of revenues compared with 11.6 percent last year. The decrease in SG&A was attributable primarily to the following:

  • The company’s refranchising strategy and planned overhead reductions resulted in lower general and administrative costs of approximately $5.2 million.
  • Advertising costs were $3.7 million lower, approximately half of which was due to refranchising.
  • Mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the company’s non-qualified retirement plans positively impacted SG&A by $0.7 million in the second quarter as compared to a positive impact of $1.9 million in last year’s second quarter, resulting in a year-over-year increase in SG&A of $1.2 million.
  • Facility charges declined by $1.7 million due primarily to lower impairment charges. Facility charges are expected to be higher in the back half of the year due to the timing of interior re-images.
  • Incentive compensation declined by $3.3 million.
  • Pension expense increased by $3.9 million due primarily to lower discount rates. Higher pension expense is expected to continue throughout the year and is non-cash in nature. The company expects cash pension contributions for the full year to be similar to last year.

The company sold 30 company-operated Jack in the Box restaurants to franchisees during the quarter, below its internal expectations due to the timing of one transaction involving 21 restaurants. The closing of that sale to a new franchisee was delayed until early in the third quarter.

Gains on refranchising transactions totaled $3.0 million in the second quarter compared with $17.2 million in the year-ago quarter from the sale of 46 restaurants. Average gains were $100,000 for the second quarter of fiscal 2010 as compared to $375,000 in the second quarter of fiscal 2009. The restaurants sold in the second quarter had lower-than-average sales volumes and cash flows; however, the company expects these transactions to be accretive to future operating earnings while generating $7.5 million in cash proceeds from the sales.

“More than 48 percent of the Jack in the Box system is now franchised, and we expect to cross the 50 percent mark later this quarter,” Lang said. “We remain on track to achieve our long-term goal to increase the percentage of franchise ownership to 70 to 80 percent by the end of fiscal year 2013.”

The company did not provide any financing during the quarter for refranchising transactions, but collected $3.3 million related to previous refranchising transactions. As of the end of the second quarter, notes receivable from franchisees related to refranchising activities totaled $7.2 million.

The company repurchased approximately 464,000 shares of its common stock in the second quarter of 2010 at an average price of $21.54 per share. Through the first two quarters of fiscal 2010, the company repurchased approximately 2,569,000 shares of its common stock at an average price of $19.44 per share. Approximately $47 million remains available for additional purchases according to the terms of the company’s credit facility under a three-year stock-buyback program authorized by the company’s board of directors in November 2007.

Restaurant openings

Eleven new Jack in the Box restaurants opened in the second quarter, including 4 franchised locations, compared with 18 new restaurants opened system-wide during the same quarter last year, of which 4 were franchised locations.

In the second quarter, 4 Qdoba restaurants opened, including 3 franchised locations, versus 15 new restaurants in the year-ago quarter, 8 of which were franchised.

At April 11, 2010, the company’s system total comprised 2,233 Jack in the Box restaurants, including 1,080 franchised locations, and 505 Qdoba restaurants, including 345 franchised locations.

Second quarter FY 2010 initiatives

In early February, the company debuted a new platform, Grilled Sandwiches, with two varieties, each served on a new grilled artisan bread: Turkey, Bacon & Cheddar, which features roasted turkey, two slices of cheddar cheese and two bacon strips topped with a sun-dried tomato sauce; and Deli Trio, which features Genoa salami, sliced ham, roasted turkey, two slices of provolone cheese and two pickle fillets topped with a creamy Italian sauce. Grilled Sandwiches are generally priced at $3.99, plus tax.

In March, Jack in the Box introduced new, crispier French fries, which have a shorter cook time and maintain their temperature longer.

Also in March, Jack in the Box expanded its line of entreè salads by adding a Grilled Chicken Salad, which features a blend of fresh Romaine, Iceberg and Spring Mix along with shredded cheddar cheese, grape tomatoes, cucumber slices, red onion and shredded carrots served with seasoned croutons and low-fat balsamic dressing on the side. The salad is topped with strips of grilled chicken and meets the nutritional criteria for HealthyDiningFinder.com, an online resource featuring dietician-approved healthy dining menu options.

On the value front, Jack in the Box continued to offer its Jumbo Deal through February, which included a Jumbo Jack® hamburger, two tacos, a small order of fries, and a small drink – all for just $3.49, plus tax. For the last six weeks of the quarter, a breakfast value message – two biscuits with sausage or bacon and cheese for $3, plus tax – was featured. In addition, during Lent, Jack in the Box offered a Fish Sandwich for just $1.49, plus tax.

Third quarter FY 2010 initiatives

Jack in the Box continues to have a robust pipeline of new products that are in various stages of development and test. “Our marketing strategy is to target multiple dayparts and balance our advertising and promotions to feature innovative premium products along with value-priced offerings,” Lang said.

Jack in the Box launched two new products in April and debuted a mix-and-match option offering guests a unique opportunity to build their own combo meals:

  • Leveraging the new Grilled Sandwich platform, Jack in the Box expanded its breakfast menu with a Grilled Breakfast Sandwich. Featuring premium grilled artisan bread, the new sandwich includes two fried eggs and two slices each of American cheese, ham and bacon.
  • Jack in the Box introduced a new premium blend of coffee made with Kona coffee beans. The new Kona Classic® coffee blend is being brewed for the chain’s hot and iced coffee drinks.
  • Jack in the Box began offering guests the opportunity to mix and match any three of the following eight menu items for just $3, plus tax: Hamburger Deluxe, Jr. Bacon Cheeseburger, chicken sandwich, onion rings, egg roll, small French fries, small fountain drink and mini churros.

This week, Jack in the Box expanded its beverage platforms by introducing a Raspberry Smoothie and a Raspberry Shake made with real ice cream.


The following guidance and underlying assumptions reflect the company’s current expectations for the third quarter ending July 4, 2010, and fiscal year ending Oct. 3, 2010. Fiscal 2010 is a 53-week year, with 16 weeks in the first quarter, 12 weeks in each of the second and third quarters, and 13 weeks in the fourth quarter versus 12 weeks in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009.

Q3 FY 2010 guidance

  • Same-store sales are expected to decrease 7 to 9 percent at Jack in the Box company restaurants versus a 1.0 percent decrease in the year-ago quarter.
  • Same-store sales are expected to increase 2 to 4 percent at Qdoba system restaurants versus a 2.8 percent decrease in the year-ago quarter.
  • Refranchising gains are expected to be higher than the year-ago quarter.

Fiscal year 2010 guidance

  • 6.5 to 8.5 percent decrease in same-store sales at Jack in the Box company restaurants.
  • 1 to 3 percent increase in same-store sales at Qdoba system restaurants.
  • Overall commodity costs are expected to decrease by approximately 1 percent for the full year, reflecting the approximate 4.5 percent decrease experienced during the first two quarters of the year. Commodity costs are expected to increase by approximately 2 percent in the third quarter and 3 percent in the fourth quarter as compared to prior year.
  • Restaurant operating margin for the full year is expected to range from 15 to 16 percent, depending on same-store sales.
  • 45 to 50 new Jack in the Box restaurants, including approximately 30 company locations.
  • 30 to 40 new Qdoba restaurants, including approximately 15 company locations.
  • $60 to $70 million in gains on the sale of approximately 200 Jack in the Box restaurants to franchisees, with $85 to $95 million in total proceeds resulting from the sales.
  • Capital expenditures of $125 to $135 million. Capital expenditures are expected to remain in this range through fiscal year 2012. Following the planned completion of the Jack in the Box re-image program, annual capital expenditures are anticipated to be approximately $110 million or less.
  • SG&A expense in the mid-11 percent range, reflecting higher advertising spending in the last half of the fiscal year.
  • Tax rate of approximately 36 to 37 percent.
  • Diluted earnings per share of $1.85 to $2.05. The impact of the 53rd week is estimated to contribute approximately 4 cents per diluted share.

Conference call

The company will host a conference call for financial analysts and investors on Thursday, May 13, 2010, beginning at 8:30 a.m. PDT (11:30 a.m. EDT). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet via the Jack in the Box website. To access the live call through the Internet, log onto the Investors section of the Jack in the Box Inc. website at http://investors.jackinthebox.com at least 15 minutes prior to the event in order to download and install any necessary audio software. A replay of the call will be available through the Jack in the Box Inc. corporate website for 21 days, beginning at approximately 11:00 a.m. PDT on May 13.

About Jack in the Box Inc.

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK), based in San Diego, is a restaurant company that operates and franchises Jack in the Box® restaurants, one of the nation’s largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,200 restaurants in 18 states. Additionally, through a wholly owned subsidiary, the company operates and franchises Qdoba Mexican Grill®, a leader in fast-casual dining, with more than 500 restaurants in 43 states and the District of Columbia. For more information, visit www.jackinthebox.com.

Safe harbor statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Such statements are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties. A variety of factors could cause the company’s actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements, including the success of new products and marketing initiatives, the impact of competition, unemployment and trends in consumer spending patterns. These factors are discussed in the company’s annual report on Form 10-K and its periodic reports on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission which are available online at www.jackinthebox.com or in hard copy upon request. The company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as the result of new information or otherwise.